The leader of 2013 and beyond!

Posted on January 19, 2013


Leadership components:

  1. Some kind of leader-member exchange
  2. That occurs in a particular situation
  3. Where the leader and members share a purpose, goal, outcome, and tasks

Most leadership theories focus on the behaviors of the leader.  These traditional theories view the leader in a heroic vein and often over-estimate the power over the organization the leader actually has (eg. transformational leadership, servant, authentic, charismatic, etc).

In 2013 and beyond, these individualistic theories no longer serve modern workplaces that are complex, technologically advanced, competitive and often economically challenged.  These workplaces need more of a collectivist approach sometimes called “putting the we in leadership.”  These approaches have multiple individuals interacting through formal and informal channels and taking on leadership roles.

Collectivist leadership theories include the following:

Team leadership- leader is a team member as well as coordinator of the team

Network leadership-leader is a node in the network

Shared leadership- leader is a team member and shares responsibility. Many shared governance models are built on this theory

Complexity leadership-leader has leadership three roles: adaptive, enabling, and administrative. Leadership emerges via the interactions within the complex adaptive system

Collective Leadership- there are multiple leaders at all levels working to keep the organization adaptive. The leader influences through exchange of information


Yammarino, Salas, et al. (2012). Collectivist leadership approaches: Putting the “we” in leadership science and practice. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 5(4), 382–402.

Read the article here:

Read the latest IBM survey of international CEOs to see why it is important for organizations to be networked and nimble and constantly learning.  These activities support the need for collectivist models of leadership